Course Number:
NRS 232
Transcript Title:
Pathophysiological Processes I
Aug 15, 2022
Aug 15, 2022
Total Credits:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture / Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:
Satisfies Cultural Literacy requirement:
Satisfies General Education requirement:
Grading Options
Default Grading Options
Repeats available for credit:


NRS 110

Course Description

Introduces pathophysiological processes that contribute to many different disease states across the lifespan and human responses to those processes. Includes the foundational concepts of cellular adaption, injury, and death; inflammation and tissue healing; fluid and electrolyte imbalances; and physiologic response to stressors and pain, as well as additional pathophysiological processes. Promotes selective clinical decision-making in the context of nursing regarding using current, reliable sources of pathophysiology information, selecting and interpreting focused nursing assessments based on knowledge of pathophysiological processes, teaching persons from diverse populations regarding pathophysiological processes, and communicating with other health professionals regarding pathophysiological processes. Includes modules covering oxygen transport; blood vessels and blood pressure; and the pathophysiology of the endocrine, respiratory and musculoskeletal body systems. Prerequisite/concurrent: NRS 110.

Course Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Access current, reliable information about selected pathophysiological processes, including: cellular adaptation, injury, and death; inflammation and tissue healing; fluid and electrolyte imbalances; andphysiologic response to stressors;as well as thepathophysiology of the following: oxygen transport, blood vessels and blood pressure; and endocrine, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems.
  2. Select and interpret basic focused nursing assessments based on knowledge of clinical manifestations of and developmental considerations in selected pathophysiological processes in patients across the life span.
  3. Teach persons from diverse populations across the lifespan regarding selected pathophysiological processes.
  4. Communicate effectively with other health professionals regarding selected pathophysiological processes.

Suggested Outcome Assessment Strategies

  • Summary of literature search in professional database
  • Multiple choice exams
  • Written assignments: Interview
  • Poster project
  • Papers

Course Activities and Design

The determination of teaching strategies used in the delivery of outcomes is generally left to the discretion of the instructor. Here are some strategies that you might consider when designing your course: lecture, small group/forum discussion, flipped classroom, dyads, oral presentation, role play, simulation scenarios, group projects, service learning projects, hands-on lab, peer review/workshops, cooperative learning (jigsaw, fishbowl), inquiry based instruction, differentiated instruction (learning centers), graphic organizers, etc.

Course Content

Themes, concepts, issues:

  • Intro to disease states
  • Pathophysiology of various diseases
  • Evidence based research
  • Medical terminology
  • Life span considerations in various disease states
  • Teaching techniques for various ages, developmental stages
  • Communication with other professionals
  • Team work


  1. Cellular Adaptation, Injury, and Death
  2. Inflammation and Tissue Healing
  3. Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances
  4. Physiologic Response to Stressors
  5. Blood Vessel and Blood Pressure Pathophysiology
  6. Cardiac Pathophysiology
  7. Oxygen Transport Pathophysiology
  8. Respiratory Pathophysiology

Department Notes

Reference OCNE document NRS 232 and 233, Pathophysiological Processes I and II.

Essential Concepts and Content and requirements listed therein.