Introduction to Health Law and Ethics
- Course Number:
- MP 140
- Transcript Title:
- Introduction to Health Law and Ethics
- Aug 15, 2022
- May 03, 2023
- Total Credits:
- Lecture Hours:
- Lecture / Lab Hours:
- Lab Hours:
- Satisfies Cultural Literacy requirement:
- Satisfies General Education requirement:
- Grading Options
- A-F, P/NP
- Default Grading Options
- Repeats available for credit:
Introduces the legal aspects, code of ethics and policy issues relevant to health care. Emphasizes confidential communications, advanced directives, consents, professional liability, medical malpractice, release of information, case studies and the professional code of ethics for medical assistants. Includes concepts of professional credentialing and responsibility, liability and working within legal/ethical boundaries.
Upon successful completion students should be able to:
- Apply applicable federal, state and local laws and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid regulations to the health care environment
- Apply laws of HIPAA and informed consent when working with medical records.
- Apply legal requirements of acceptable methods for complete and timely documentation and authentication of entries to the medical record.
- Maintain ethical tenets of a healthcare professional and act in an ethical manner.
- Understand the nuances of professional liability and medical malpractice.
- Have an awareness of health care policy with regard to death & dying, genetics, and health care trends.
Suggested Outcome Assessment Strategies
Fulfillment of these outcomes will be assessed by:
- Answer theoretical and applications questions on the information covered in lecture, graded assignments and reading assignments.
- Analyze and report on case studies appropriate to chapter focus.
- Locate and report on current legal issues in the delivery of health care.
Course Activities and Design
The determination of teaching strategies used in the delivery of outcomes is generally left to the discretion of the instructor. Here are some strategies that you might consider when designing your course: lecture, small group/forum discussion, flipped classroom, dyads, oral presentation, role play, simulation scenarios, group projects, service learning projects, hands-on lab, peer review/workshops, cooperative learning (jigsaw, fishbowl), inquiry based instruction, differentiated instruction (learning centers), graphic organizers, etc.
Outcome #1: Apply applicable federal, state and local laws and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid regulations to the health care environment.
- Discuss the basis of and primary sources of law.
- Discuss the classifications of law.
- Differentiate between expressed and implied contracts.
- Discuss the contractual rights and responsibilities of both physicians and patients.
- Relate how the law of agency and the doctrine of respondent superior apply to health care.
Outcome #2: Apply laws of HIPAA and informed consent when working with medical records.
- Explain how the language provision and standards of HIPAA mandates apply to your profession.
- Discuss the special requirements for disclosing PHI
- Discuss the patient rights defined by HIPAA.
- Recognize and dispel some of the more prevalent myths concerning HIPAA.
Outcome #3: Apply legal requirements of acceptable methods for complete and timely documentation and authentication of entries to the medical record.
- Purpose of medical records and the importance of proper documentation.
- Procedure for making a correction in a medical record.
- Obtaining a patient’s consent for release of medical information.
- Doctrine of informed consent.
- EMR and the efforts being made to record all medical records electronically.
Outcome #4: Maintain ethical tenets of a healthcare professional and act in an ethical manner.
- Importance of knowledge of law and ethics in health care
- Differences among law, ethics, bioethics, etiquette, and protocol.
- Moral values and how they relate to law, ethics, and etiquette.
- How moral values relate to law, ethics, and etiquette.
Outcome #5: Understand the nuances of professional liability and medical malpractice.
- General liability for which a physician/employer is responsible.
- Reasonable person standard, standard of care, and duty of care.
- Responsibilities of health care practitioners concerning privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication.
- Elements necessary to prove negligence (the four D’s).
- Direct cause
- Phases of a lawsuit.
- Advantages to alternative dispute resolution.
Outcome #6: Have an awareness of health care policy with regard to death & dying, genetics, and health care trends.
- Changing attitudes toward death.
- Accepted criteria for determining death.
- Health care professional’s role in caring for the dying.
- Benefits to end-of-life health care derived from the right to die movement.
- Various stages of grief.
Suggested Texts and Materials
Today's Medical Assistant, current edition Published by Elsevier with Evolve Resources