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Biology

Course Number: BI 103
Transcript Title: Biology
Created: September 1, 2012
Updated: December 19, 2014
Total Credits: 4
Lecture Hours: 30
Lecture / Lab Hours: 0
Lab Hours: 30
Satisfies Cultural Literacy requirement: No
Satisfies General Education requirement: Yes
Grading options: A-F (default), P-NP, audit

Prerequisites

WR 115, RD 115 and MTH 20 or equivalent placement test scores, and BI 101

Course Description

Presents the evolutionary relationships among the kingdoms. Includes a comparison of biological systems across kingdoms. Designed as a laboratory science course for non-biology majors. Prerequisites: WR 115, RD 115 and MTH 20 or equivalent placement test scores, and BI 101. Audit available.

Intended Outcomes

Upon successful completion students will be able to:

  1. Use classification and evolutionary relationships among taxa to identify strategies that organisms employ to sustain life.
  2. Communicate an understanding of biodiversity and conservation and its value to the student, to our society, and to the natural environment.
  3. Gather and apply knowledge of form and function to qualitatively and quantitatively explain how organisms live.
  4. Use laboratory experiences comparing species characteristics to organize an understanding of evolutionary relationships.
  5. Appreciate aesthetic value of living organisms in the natural world.
  6. Use scientific knowledge of body systems to critically evaluate experimental outcomes and apply them to human health and the environment.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

  • Tests
  • Oral presentations
  • Papers
  • Journals
  • Group projects
  • Practical exams
  • Case studies
  • "Team based"

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

Skills

Students who have successfully completed Biology 102 will be able to:

  • Use the scientific method to look for the answers to questions.
  • Use scientific instruments safely and appropriately including microscopes.
  • Study effectively.
  • Communicate effectively (including using the metric system to communicate).
  • Read and interpret scientific information (including information in the metric system).
  • Synthesize to solve problems.
  • Organize ideas to achieve a specific purpose.
  • Apply theoretical and conceptual models and frameworks to real world situations.
  • Analyze problem solving/decision making situations.
  • Identify situations/concepts where science does and does not apply.
  • Recognize scientific information and its role in decision making.

Course Content

Reproduction
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Describe the common modes of reproduction in each significant kingdom.
  • Differentiate between sexual and asexual reproduction.
  • Describe conditions favoring asexual and sexual reproduction.

Growth and Development
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Understand the principles that guide the development of an organism.
  • Define cell differentiation.
  • Describe cell differentiation as it appears in each of the kingdoms.
  • Understand the differences between determinant and indeterminate growth and the implications for each organism.
  • Explain the control systems that influence growth and development.
  • Describe aging and its causes (in a broad sense).
  • Describe the factors that influence aging.

Homeostasis
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Define homeostasis.
  • Identify some factors that are kept in homeostasis within the various kingdoms.
  • Describe systems that are used to maintain homeostasis.
  • Discuss transport of materials on a cellular level.

Nutrition and Energetics
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Define a nutrient.
  • Differentiate between a macronutrient and a micronutrient.
  • Discuss how organisms acquire their nutrients.
  • Describe how and where organisms obtain their energy.
  • Compare some energy storage strategies across the kingdoms.

Internal Transport/Circulation
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Identify materials that are transported within organisms from various kingdoms.
  • Explain why circulation is necessary.
  • Explain the mechanism through which organisms achieve circulation.

Gas Exchange and Excretion
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Identify gases that are required by various organisms.
  • Describe specialized structures that are used for gas exchange in the different kingdoms.
  • Identify common waste products created by organisms from the various kingdoms, and explain the necessity for removing these wastes.
  • List some strategies that various organisms use to get rid of wastes.
  • Explain how excretory systems adjust their outputs for different physiologic conditions.

Support and Locomotion
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Explain why organisms need physical support.
  • Describe the various support systems in various organisms from different kingdoms.
  • Explain how an organisms environment affects its need for support.
  • Describe the connection between support and locomotion.
  • Describe how changes in the environmental conditions cause an organism to change its support systems.
  • Identify the uses of locomotion.
  • Provide example of locomotion in organism from various kingdoms.
  • Distinguish between movement and locomotion.
  • Compare various strategies of movement in organisms from various kingdoms.
  • Discuss how support systems in various species facilitate their movement.

Control Systems
Students who have successfully completed this topic can:

  • Explain ways in which information is passed between cells.
  • Explain how cellular communication help integrate various functions within an organism.
  • Describe how control systems allow organism to monitor and respond to their environment.
  • Discuss how control systems vary among organisms from different kingdoms.
  • Describe the implications of increasing complexity of nervous systems.

Department Notes

Columbia Gorge Community College Science Department stands by the following statement about regarding science instruction:

Science is a fundamentally nondogmatic and self-correcting investigatory process. Theories (such as biological evolution and geologic time scale) are developed through scientific investigation are not decided in advance. As such, scientific theories can be and often are modified and revised through observation and experimentation. “Creation science", “Intelligent design” or similar beliefs are not considered legitimate science, but a form of religious advocacy. This position is established by legal precedence (Webster v. New Lenox School District #122, 917 F. 2d 1004).

The Science Department at Columbia Gorge Community College, therefore stands with organizations such as the National Association of Biology Teachers in opposing the inclusion of pseudo-sciences in our science curricula except to reference and/or clarify its invalidity.

Lab B Notes: The lab for this course has been approved as "Lab B". This means that Faculty effort in preparation and evaluation generally occurs outside of scheduled class hours. Class format is a combination of Faculty lectures and demonstrations, guided student interactions and supervised student application of lectures. Students produce written work such as lab notebooks, reports, and responses in writing to assigned questions, and the Instructor is expected to comment on and grade this written work outside of schedule class hours. This evaluation will take place on a regular basis throughout the term.