Principles of Accounting I
Course Number: BA 211
Transcript Title: Principles of Accounting I
Created: September 1, 2012
Updated: December 19, 2014
Total Credits: 3
Lecture Hours: 30
Lecture / Lab Hours: 0
Lab Hours: 0
Satisfies Cultural Literacy requirement: No
Satisfies General Education requirement: No
Grading options: A-F (default), audit
Introduces financial accounting theory, including the accounting cycle, analysis and recording of transactions, and reporting financial information in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Recommend: MTH 60 and BA 111. Prerequisite: WR 115, RD 115, and MTH 20 or equivalent placement test scores. Audit available.
Upon successful completion of BA 211, the student will be able to:
- Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamentals of accounting theory.
- Support at a basic level the recording and reporting of financial information for business.
- Demonstrate knowledge of each step in the accounting cycle.
Alignment with Institutional Core Learning Outcomes
|1. Communicate effectively using appropriate reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. (Communication)|
|2. Creatively solve problems by using relevant methods of research, personal reflection, reasoning, and evaluation of information. (Critical thinking and Problem-Solving)|
|3. Apply the knowledge, skills and abilities to enter and succeed in a defined profession or advanced academic program. (Professional Competence)|
|4. Appreciate cultural diversity and constructively address issues that arise out of cultural differences in the workplace and community. (Cultural Awareness)|
|5. Recognize the consequences of human activity upon our social and natural world. (Community and Environmental Responsibility)|
Outcome Assessment Strategies
The objectives of assessment should include demonstrated mastery of accounting theory and procedures. Assessment methods may include the following:
- Objective examinations such as multiple choices, short answer, etc.
- Exercise and problem test items.
- Problem assignments that demonstrate the application of appropriate accounting procedures.
- Written assignments.
In addition, assessment choices may also include:
- Attendance and participation in class activities.
- Any combination of other methods, including quizzes, group activities, presentations, practice sets, case studies or research assignments.
At the beginning of the course, the instructor will detail the methods used to evaluate student progress and the criteria for assigning a course grade.
Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)
- Purpose of accounting
- Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
- Accounting equation
- Transaction analysis
- Double-entry bookkeeping and debits and credits
- Documentation, journals and ledgers
- Accounting cycle
- Adjusting the accounts
- Financial statements
- Closing entries
- Accounting for merchandising businesses
- Inventory systems
- Inventory cost flow assumptions
- Internal control principles
- Bank reconciliations
- Petty cash
- Accounting assumptions, principles and constraints
- Financial statement analysis
COMPENTENCIES AND SKILLS
- Analyze business transactions using accrual basis accounting according to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
- Manually prepare journal entries and post to ledger accounts using double-entry accounting procedures.
- Perform the steps in the accounting cycle to include the preparation of: adjustments, financial statements, closing entries and trial balances.
- Prepare a bank reconciliation and related journal entries.
- Identify the principles of internal control.
- Use accounting assumptions, principles and constraints to explain accounting practices.
- Record transactions using both the perpetual and periodic inventory systems.
- Calculate inventory using accepted inventory cost flow assumptions.
This is the first term of the traditional accounting principles sequence. The course emphasizes the theoretical foundations of accounting and analytical skills needed by business and accounting students. Those with financial record-keeping responsibilities in their current employment will find it essential.
An understanding of accounting is necessary to examine the performance and financial health of business. For this reason, accounting is often referred to as the "language of business". This course is the ideal way for students to acquire a valuable skill as well as begin to develop an appreciation of the role of accounting in the evaluation and management of a business. Accordingly, it is recommended as a course both for students interested in business generally, and for those planning a career in accounting.